Cataracts affect millions of people each year, including more than half of all Americans age 60 and older. A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. Cloudiness develops as a result of a buildup of protein in the lens. Cataracts can occur in either one eye or both eyes. If left untreated, cataracts will worsen over time and may lead to permanent vision loss or even blindness.
The lens within the eye clouds naturally as we age, causing a gradual reduction of vision. There are numerous other causes of cataracts, including:
- Alcohol use
- Family history of cataracts
- Exposure to radiation
- A result of eye surgery
- Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light
Cataract surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that is typically performed on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia. Cataract surgery replaces the cloudy natural lens of the eye with a clear artificial lens, known as an intraocular lens (IOL). Cataracts affect more than half of all Americans age 60 and older causing a progressive, painless loss of vision, as well as:
- Blurry or hazy vision
- Spots in front of the eyes
- Sensitivity to glare
- Poor night time vision
- A filmy feeling over the eye
- Double vision
- Vision that has a yellow tinge
- A temporary improvement in near vision
Dr. Jamall performs minimally invasive, femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. During this procedure, precise incisions are made on the cornea of the eye with the femtosecond laser. Next, the laser creates a circular opening in the lens capsule to provide access to remove the cataract. The laser then softens the cataract while breaking it up into tiny pieces for easier removal of the cataract. After the cloudy lens has been removed, the artificial IOL is implanted in the eye. The IOL is inserted through the same small incision that was made to remove the original lens. This process leads to more precise and gentle surgery while providing reduced recovery time.
Intraocular lenses (IOLs)
Advances in IOL technology make it possible for patients to select an IOL that helps to correct distance, intermediate, and near vision with minimal dependence on glasses following cataract surgery.
A standard monofocal IOL will restore your vision at a single focal point, however you will need glasses for your daily activities that require intermediate or near vision. An example would be the need for glasses for reading and computer work.
Advanced technology lenses, such as the Tecnis Symfony IOL and ReSTOR multifocal IOL, can provide a wide range of vision that includes distance, intermediate, and near vision following your cataract surgery. Dr. Jamall will be happy to discuss with you the various intraocular lens options for your cataract surgery.